Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that specializes in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental and facial irregularities. The technical term for these problems is "malocclusion," which means "improper bite." which may be a result of tooth irregularity, disproportionate jaw relationships, or both. Orthodontic treatment can focus on dental displacement only, or can deal with the control and modification of facial growth. Orthodontic treatment can be carried out for purely aesthetic reasons with regards to improving the general appearance of patients' teeth. However, there are orthodontists who work on reconstructing the entire face rather than focusing exclusively on teeth.
The Type of Braces You Get Depends on a Number of Factors
- The extent of your treatment, such as:
- The severity of your bite or tooth crookedness problems
- If extractions are necessary
- If jaw surgery is necessary
- If headgear or other special appliances are necessary
- The amount of time you will need to wear braces
- The preferences of your orthodontist
- How much you are willing to pay
- How long you will be in braces to correct your problems
- What you, yourself desire. Would you feel embarrassed in metal? Are you only willing to straighten your teeth if Invisalign is used? Do you prefer the look of ceramic or Lingual Braces?
Who are the orthodontic Patients?
People of all ages can be good orthodontic candidates but only your dentist or orthodontist can determine whether you can benefit from orthodontics. Based on diagnostic tools that include a full medical and dental health history, a clinical exam, plaster models of your teeth, bite registration and special X-rays and photographs, an orthodontist or dentist can decide whether orthodontics are recommended, and develop a treatment plan that's right for you. Many people think that braces are only for straightening teeth. On the contrary, braces can also be used to realign teeth, correct a person's bite and correct problems with a person's jaw. There are a number of common teeth problems that could lead to a person needing braces. If you have any of the following, you may be a candidate for orthodontic treatment
Facial Profile Problem
People who have skeletal problems, vertical deformities of the long face and short face types, excessive incisors protrusion or lip strain need treatment as soon as they are discovered, typically during the early mixed dentition. By the braces or/and surgery, you can improve your facial appearance.
This occurs with abnormal continued growth of the jaw bone and discrepancy of tooth size. When teeth are missing, this can also be caused by the surrounding teeth shifting due to extra space. Spacing issues between teeth can lead to gum problems (due to lack of protection by the teeth), periodontal pockets and increased risk of periodontal disease. Sometimes people say they have trouble with biting and chewing correctly. Space problems are most often corrected with braces.
Overly Crowded Teeth
This occurs when there is simply a lack of room within your jaw for all of your teeth to fit normally. Because the dental arch is too small, the teeth move together until there is nowhere left to move but up or down. When left untreated, overly crowded teeth can get worse over time. This crowding can lead to plaque accumulation, tooth decay and an increased chance of gum disease as well as his or her appearance. Often crowded teeth can be corrected with some teeth extractions as well as braces, to move everything into proper position
This occurs when the upper and lower jaws are both misaligned. It causes one or more upper teeth to bite on the inside of the lower teeth, and can happen on both the front and the sides of the mouth. This can lead to abnormal tooth wear and chipping, chewing problem and periodontal problems including gum disease and bone loss.
This occurs when the lower teeth protrude past the front teeth. It's usually caused by undergrowth of the upper jaw, overgrowth of the lower jaw, or both. It can also be caused by missing upper teeth. This can prevent the normal function of front teeth or molars, which can lead to tooth wear. It can also cause painful jaw and joint problems.
What people commonly refer to as an "Overbite" is known to dental professionals as "Overjet". It occurs when the upper teeth bite over the lower teeth. There is a noticeable gap between the upper and lower teeth when the person bites down. This can cause a person to injure his or her gums and the inside of lips. It can also cause a person's mouth to become misshapen—the lips become pushed forward. Some people find that they are not able to close their lips completely over their teeth if the overbite is severe. Someone with a deep overbite can also be prone to bone damage and extreme discomfort. It can also cause too much wear and tear on the incisors. It's typically caused by genetics, bad oral habits, or overdevelopment of the bone that supports the teeth. This can lead to gum disease and chipped or fractured front teeth.
An open bite is where the lower and upper incisor teeth do not touch at all when the person bites down. This puts a lot of pressure on the back teeth to take care of the chewing and biting. A person with an open bite will often rub his or her teeth together without meaning to.