Replacing All Teeth
If all of your teeth are missing in the upper or lower jaw, dental implants are the best solution. You can choose a full bridge that is attached to several dental implants. Another option is a removable prosthesis that is attached via anchoring devices to two or more dental implants. The prosthesis remains securely in place in your mouth – yet it is easy to remove
Replacement of All Teeth
The jaw is completely toothless. One option for replacing all teeth is a row of teeth which is anchored in the jaw by several implants (Fig. 1). Alternatively, a prosthesis is supported by implants and can be removed for oral hygiene (Fig. 2 and Fig. 3)
Dental implants have been developed to stay securely in place. Both solutions (Fig. 1 and Fig. 2/3) thus offer more stability than conventional prostheses. Additional benefits: an implant-supported row of teeth looks natural.
A thorough examination
The first step in dental implant therapy is a discussion with your dental professional, followed by a thorough dental examination. The jaw is x-rayed to check the condition of the bone tissue and to determine the placement of the dental implant. An impression is made of the jaw and existing teeth, forming an important platform for the treatment.
Inserting the dental implant
There are two options for dental implant placement depending on your clinical situation. In a one-step procedure, the dental implant is put in place and a temporary abutment is attached. In a two-step procedure, the dental implant is installed and then covered by the gum. The abutment is attached at a later date.
In both cases, a temporary tooth or prosthesis is put in place, followed by a maximum healing period of three months for the lower jaw and six months for the upper jaw. In some cases, the dental implant can be loaded immediately although this depends on your bone condition.
Attaching the abutments
In a one-step procedure, the temporary abutment is replaced by a permanent one after the dental implant has bonded with the bone tissue.
The second part of a two-step procedure involves making a minor incision to open the gum and put the abutment in place.
Producing the teeth
When the abutment is in place, a new impression is made. It is then compared with the impression made during the initial examination. Based on a final model, a dental technician carefully crafts the crown, bridge or prosthesis. Special attention is given to ensuring the right color and shape so that your new teeth look like your natural teeth.
Fitting and re-examination
When the teeth are ready, your dental professional simply attaches them to the dental implants. This is usually followed by a few follow-up visits to check functionality and esthetics and to make sure you are completely satisfied with your new teeth.
When you are ready for a dental implant, you will have a solution tailored to your needs, general state of health and the quantity and quality of your bone tissue. These factors also determine the total duration of the treatment. Consult your dental professional for your specific options.
Step by Step
If you have lost all your teeth in one or both jaws, you can choose a permanently anchored dental implant bridge or a removable prosthesis that is connected to two or more dental implants. This is called an overdenture. This type of overdenture remains in place more firmly than a conventional removable prosthesis. For the most natural looking solution, the permanently anchored dental implant bridge is the answer when the prerequisites are met.
For a permanently anchored dental implant bridge, several dental implants are installed to form a good foundation. Because the dental implants are anchored in the jawbone, they stimulate the bone tissue and help to maintain healthy bone levels and facial structures.
An overdenture involves installing two or more dental implants that will be used as a secure foundation to attach the prosthesis.
The abutments are attached to the dental implants and the bridge is fitted in place. All dental work is performed according to your prerequisites and wishes.
For the overdenture, either ball abutments or a small bar between the abutments are used. The prosthesis is fitted with corresponding devices underneath.
The dental implant bridge, or the overdenture, is now in place. It looks and functions like normal teeth. You can now eat whatever you like and laugh without having to worry about the prosthesis falling out.